The Five Building Blocks Of Panchang

Panchang is the Hindu calendar consisting of five limbs known as: Tithi, Vaar, Nakshatra, Yoga and Karana. It is used by the Indian astrologers to make calculations with a high degree of accuracy. Read this article to understand Panchang in detail.

Panchang

Panchang is a Hindu calendar which is based on placement of planets in Nakshatra and zodiac. The word Panchang is taken from the Sanskrit language in which, Panch means 5 and Ang means- limbs. These five limbs are known as: Tithi, Vaar, Nakshatra, Yoga and Karana. A Panchang is also known as Panchangam, Panjika, Panjangam, Panchangamu, Jantri and many more.

Click here to know about Today’s Panchang- Daily Panchang

Tithi (Date): Tithi is the lunar day and there are 15 Tithis is each month. Each month is divided into two parts: bright fortnight (it ends on full Moon night) and dark fortnight (it ends on new Moon night). In each fortnight, there are 15 days. The names of the Tithis are: Pratipada, Dwitiya, Tritiya, Chaturthi, Panchami, Shasthi, Saptami, Ashtami, Navami, Dasami, Ekadasi, Dwadasi, Trayodasi, Chaturdasi, Purnima and Amavasya.

Vaar (Day): Varas are the seven days of the week: Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday.

Nakshatra (Constellation): Nakshatra consists of 27 stars. They are: Ashwini, Bharani, Krittika, Rohini, Mrigasira, Aarudra, Punarvasu, Pushya, Aslesha, Magha, Purva Phalguni, Uttara Phalguni, Hasta, Chitra, Swati, Vishakha, Anuradha, Jyestha, Moola, Poorvashada, Uttarashada, Sravana, Dhanishta, Satabisha, Poorva Bhadrapada, Uttara Bhadrapada, Revati.

Yoga: There are 27 yogas which are taken into account for estimating the auspicious time for any activity. The yogas are: Vishkambha, Preeti, Ayushman, Saubhagya, Shobhana, Atiganda, Sukarma, Dhriti, Shoola, Ganda,Vriddhi, Dhruva, Vyaghata, Harshana, Vajra, Siddhi, Vyatipata, Variyana, Parigha, Shiva, Siddha, Sadhya, Shubha, Shukla, Brahma, Indra and Vaidhriti. 

Out of these 27 Yogas, 9 are considered inauspicious: Vishkambha, Atiganda, Shoola (fork), Ganda, Vyaghata, Vajra, Vyatipata, Parigha and Vaidhriti.

Karan: Karan is the half of the Tithi. There are total of 11 Karans: Bava, Balava, Kaulava, Taitula, Garija, Vanija, Visti, Sakuna, Chatushpada, Naga and Kimstughna. Karans are of two types: Charan (movable) and Sthira (fixed). The first 7 are the movable and the last 4 are fixed.

In astrology, these five limbs or elements are important for calculating the right time of marriage, plantation, starting a business, joining a new job and many more. The Panchang may also include details about Varjyam (inauspicious time), Rahukalam, planetary transits, Durmuhurtham, Lagna Pravesh tables and other astrological information. 

To learn about KP Panchang, click here - KP Panchang

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