Shani Trayodashi Today! Know its Significance and Puja Rituals

This Shani Trayodashi, obtain the blessings of Shani Dev and Lord Shiva. Read more to know its complete Puja Vidhi and rituals to follow on this day.


Trayodashi Vrat, also known as Pradosh Vrat is considered to be the most convenient way to obtain the blessings of Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva. The Pradosh Vrat is observed during the Trayodashi Tithi of both the Pakshas. In such a situation, the Pradosh Vrat which falls on Saturdays is known as Shani Pradosh or Shani Trayodashi Vrat. In this year, natives will observe this fast today i.e. Saturday, 9 November 2019. By following the Vrat Vidhi of Shani Pradosh Vrat, any native can easily obtain the blessings of Lord Shani and Shiva and witness the fulfillment of their wishes. 


Shani Trayodashi Vrat to Obtain the Blessings of Lord Shiva 


During the evening hours of Shani Trayodashi Vrat, natives offer prayers to Lord Shiva 45 minutes prior to Sunset and 45 minutes after the Sunset. It is believed that by doing so, one can gain the blessings of both Lord Shiva and Lord Shani. Also, if someone’s Kundli is afflicted by Saturn, Shani’s Sade Sati or Dhaiya, then it comes to an end or gets minimized to a great extent by doing the same. 

Reduce the Sade Sati or Major Period of Saturn - Click Here to Know More

Shani Pradosh Vrat : Association with Mahadev 


In the Sanatan Dharma, the Trayodashi Tithi of each and every Shukla and Krishna Paksha is marked by a fast. The Pradosh Kaal duration begins with the sunset and continues till the time when the night is about to begin. Just like the tasks done or fasts observed during an auspicious period provides the fulfillment of one’s wishes, in the same manner, the observation of Pradosh Vrat also has its own significance. As per the religious texts, Lord Shiva performs the Tandava dance (Nritya) in the Rajat Bhawan situated in Mount Kailash during the Pradosh Kaal only. Hence, this day has been hailed by the devotees of Lord Shiva since ancient times. 


Various Trayodashi Fasts and their Benefits 


The Trayodashi fast is popular by various names in accordance with the days on which they are observed. Not only their names, but their significances also vary. Let us now have a look at the Trayodashi fasts along with their significances and benefits. 

  • Raviwar Trayodashi Vrat : The Trayodashi or Pradosh fast observed on a Sunday helps one to lead a healthy life and also obtain long life expectancy. 
  • Somwar Trayodashi Vrat : The Trayodashi Vrat which falls on a Monday provides one with the fulfillment of his/her wishes. This particular fast is also known as Som Pradosham or Chandra Pradosham. 
  • Mangalwar Trayodashi Vrat : Pradosh Vrat, i.e., Trayodashi fast, which falls on Tuesday helps one to remain healthy. By observing this fast, one also gets freedom from all kinds of serious illnesses present in his/her life. It is also called Bhaum Pradosham.
  • Budhwar Trayodashi Vrat : This Pradosh Vrat falls on a Wednesday. This Vrat or fast helps one to obtain the blessings of Lord Shiva to fulfill their wishes. 
  • Brihaspatiwar Trayodashi Vrat : Trayodashi Vrat observed on a Thursday helps one to gain victory over his/her enemies and rivals. 
  • Shukrawar Trayodashi Vrat : Pradosh Vrat i.e. Trayodashi fast which is kept on Friday provides happiness for a lifetime and good fortune. It also endows marital bliss. 
  • Shaniwar Trayodashi Vrat : The fast kept on this day is also known as Shani Pradosham. The fast kept on this day helps those who have been wishing for a progeny and provides them with bright offsprings. 

Click Here to Read : Remedies to Pacify Saturn 

Trayodashi Fast : Mythological Importance 


As per Hindu religion and culture, Pradosh Vrat or fast is considered the most efficient way to obtain the blessings of Lord Shiva. The fast observed on this day helps one to remain at the receiving end of fruitful results. Hence, it is believed that those natives who observe fast and worship Lord Shiva devotedly become quite dear to him and Mahadev eradicates each and every hurdle present in their life. The concerned natives also become eligible to obtain salvation in their afterlife. Many religious legends are associated with this Pradosh Vrat which state that the virtues of fasting on this day are equivalent to that of donating 100 cows and doing Kanyadaan. It is also believed that the Vedic scholar Sutji had mentioned this fast in a discussion which took place with the Shaundi sages. He stated that in the Kali Yuga, there will be unrighteousness, prevailing amongst mankind and all over the Universe. Pradosh Vrat will prove to be the only medium of remorse which will help them to bring good deeds back to this Universe. 

Things to Keep in Mind During Shani Trayodashi Fast 


During the Shani Trayodashi Vrat, Lord Shiva and Shani are venerated in a special manner during the morning and evening hours. During this time, the evening hours are considered the most auspicious to perform the Vrat Puja. On this very Tithi, Shani Pradosh Mantra is chanted in all Shiva temples and Shani temples during the evening. In such a situation, some special rules have also been told to observe while keeping the Shani Pradosh Vrat, which will further add to the auspiciousness of this fast. Some of them are mentioned below. 

  • On the day of Shani Trayodashi fast, wake up early in the morning and take a holy bath. Later on, wear clean or new clothes. 
  • Afterwards, spectate the Sun with your bare eyes and offer Arghya to it. 
  • Next, visit a Shiva temple and offer Bel Patra, Akshat, lamps, Dhoop(incense), Ganga water etc. to the Shivling.
  • Afterwards, visit a Shani temple and offer mustard oil and black sesame seeds without touching the Idol of Lord Shani.
  • Along with this, light a four faced mustard oil lamp under a Peepal tree and one inside a Shani temple. Afterwards take an oath to observe the Trayodashi fast.
  • Natives who observe this fast should not consume any food items during the whole day.
  • If it is not possible at all, then you are advised to maintain a fruit diet and consume one meal during the evening time.
  • On the day of Shani Trayodashi take a bath before the sunset and wear white clothes.
  • Afterwards purify the altar with simple water or Gangaajal.
  • In this duration, you can also decorate the altar by drawing Rangoli with various colours.
  • Chant the Shiva Mantra “Om Namah Shivay”/ “ॐ नमः शिवाय” all throughout the day.
  • During the pradosh Kaal, purify Lord Shiva’s Idol with Panchamrit (curd, milk, gay, sugar, and honey) and use water later to further purify Mahadev’s idol.
  • Finally, worship the Lord with Roli, Moli, rice, incense, lamps etc. and use them to make offerings to the Lord. 

Pradosh Vrat Puja Vidhi 


It is believed that those natives who observe the Trayodashi fast for a period of 11 or 26 Trayodashis, become eligible to receive the blessings of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Let us now have a look at its Puja Vidhi. 

  • It is necessary to observe Pradosh Vrat during Trayodashi Tithi or Pradosham. 
  • Lord Ganesha should be worshiped a day before the observation of Pradosh Vrat.
  • A night before the Vrat, Jagran should be organized along with the Kirtan of Lord Bholenath and Mother Parvati overnight.
  • On the next day of Jagran, create a podium with cow dung and decorate it beautifully with colorful clothes and Rangoli during the Brahma Muhurta.
  • Afterwards, chant “oma umā sahita śivāya namaḥ’‘/”ओम उमा सहित शिवाय नमः’ 108 times and organize a Hawan or Yajna at the Puja place. 
  • Do not forget to offer Kheer in the Hawan as Ahuti. 
  • After the completion of Aarti, perform the Aarti of Lord Shiva and chant the Shanti Paath. 
  • Afterwards, make offerings of food amongst the Brahmins and make donations to receive blessings from them. 
  • Do not let any negative thoughts take house in your mind to maintain a positive attitude all throughout the day of Shani Trayodashi Vrat. 

Click Here to Get the Shani Sade Sati Report 

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