Paush Purnima 2019 Vrat: Rituals & Significance

Tomorrow, on January 21, the first Purnima of 2019 will be celebrated as Paush Purnima. Know how this fast can make your life prosperous.

On Purnima or Full Moon day during the Paush month, taking a dip is considered propitious. As per Hindu calendar, the full moon day of this month is a day dedicated to fasting and charity. On this auspicious day, people around the world gather near the banks of holy rivers to take a bath and free themselves from the sins of their past life. The month of Paush is dedicated to Lord Sun and Purnima is relevant with the Moon, hence, this creates a rewarding combination that one must take advantage of by worshipping the almighty and praying for a better life. As per astrology, worshipping the Lord on this day brings you eternal bliss and all your desires get fulfilled. 


The word Purnima constitutes of ‘Purni’ and ‘ma’. The former means complete and later means Moon or Chandra. Hence, the day when Moon is visible as a complete circle, shining bright in the sky is called Purnima or full moon day. Every month, on the day of Purnima, one or the other festival is celebrated. However, the month of Paush and Magh have a special significance astrologically. People in Northern region of India consider these months to be particularly auspicious.

Paush Purnima in 2019

Paush Purnima Vrat

Muhurat for New Delhi, India

Poornima Tithi Begins at 14:20:20 on January 20, 2019
Poornima Tithi Ends at 10:47:11 on January 21, 2019


In the year 2019, on January 20, Purnima tithi will begin at 14:20:20. This will continue till January 21 up to 10:47:11, after which Purnima tithi will end. You may also gain the blessings of the Lord by taking a holy dip, doing charity and performing the prayers and rituals. 

Significance of Paush Purnima


It is believed that Paush Purnima is a day extremely important in Hindu religion as it is considered capable of providing moksha to the individuals who worship God on this day with complete dedication. The baths in holy rivers are done during this phase only. It is believed that one who fasts and bathes in the holy waters on this day attains salvation or moksha and becomes free from the birth-death cycle. Since the month of Magh is particularly auspicious and every single day of this month is rewarding, people believe that anything that is started on this day always brings fruitful results. Donations made or religious deeds performed during this month are also of great significance.


Importance Of Holy Dip, Charity And Fast On Paush Purnima


Since the holy baths of the month of Magh begin with Paush Purnima, it is considered auspicious to take bath in any of the holy rivers, fast on this day and perform prayers. Astrological as well as religious considerations for the day suggest that by fasting on Paush Purnima you pave your way to heaven. For the whole month of Purnima, devotees take bath in holy rivers, keep a fast on selected days and perform the necessary rituals as per the shubh muhurat in order to attain eternal peace.


Fasting and Puja Rituals


As stated before, someone who takes a bath in the holy river and thereafter offers donations to the poor and needy attains heaven after completing their life on Earth. Chanting of mantras or shlokas, keeping a fast and other rituals are important to get the blessings of God on this auspicious day. Given below are the rituals involved in Paush Purnima vrat.

  • Early morning, on the day of Paush Purnima, take a bath and pledge to observe a fast.
  • If possible, go to a river, lake, pond or a source of water present at any religious place.
  • If you are taking bath in a river, don’t forget to worship Lord Varun, the God of Oceans. 
  • After taking a bath, chant Surya mantra and offer Arghya to Lord Sun.
  • It is auspicious if you worship Lord Krishna, also called Madhusudan, after performing the bathing rituals. Offer Naivedyam to him as well. 
  • After that, offer food to a Brahmin or a beggar. Make donations as per your capacity.
  • Donating sesame seeds, jaggery, woollen clothes, blankets etc. is beneficial.

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