Monday, July 22, 2019

Mangala Gauri Fast – Significance & Puja Vidhi

Learn about Mangla Gauri Vrat and the correct way of worshipping Goddess Parvati to attain her blessings. Commemorate the fast on every Tuesday of Sawan and achieve marital bliss, get married to the man of your dreams, or get rid of your Mangal Dosh and any obstacles in your marriage.

Before we begin talking about the Mangala Gauri Fast, let us first discern which fast we are precisely discussing here. India has many variations in celebration of festivals and commemoration of rituals throughout our diverse country. Therefore, while the Gauri Vrat celebrations in Gujarat happen in a certain way, that method is entirely different from the festivities of Mangla Gauri Vrat in North and Central India.

हिन्दी में पढ़ने के लिए यहाँ क्लिक करें…

Different Ways Of Gauri Vrat Throughout India

Gauri Vrat in Gujarat

The commemoration of this fast in Gujarat goes on for five days. It begins from the Ekadashi tithi (eleventh day) of Shukla Paksha in Ashadha and ends five days later, on the Purnima (full moon). This year, in 2019, the Ekadashi was on 12 July 2019 while Purnima fell on 16 July 2019. This fast is observed by unmarried women for 5 or 7 years consecutively, for the attainment of a husband like Lord Shiva. It is said that Goddess Parvati performed laborius austerity to achieve Bholenath as her husband. In the same vein, young women who wish to marry an incredible person like him need to do the same through this fast. Mythology suggests that once they get married, the ladies should then start observing the Jaya Parvati Vrat which they keep for three days, for the boon of marital bliss.

Mangla Gauri Vrat in North and Central India

The Mangala Gowri Vrat is observed by women, married and unmarried alike, every Tuesday during Sawan. This fast is kept especially by unmarried women who are facing obstacles in getting married. On fasting on the Tuesdays of Shravan month, it is believed that they can get married to the man of their dreams. Along the same lines, married women observe this fast for a happy and prosperous married life. Just like the Sawan Somvar fasts, this vrat is also kept every week to appease Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, during their favorite month of Sawan.

Significance of Mangla Gauri Vrat

Unmarried women observe the Mangla Gauri vrat for several reasons. Fasting on the Tuesdays of Sawan month, to appease Goddess Parvati so that she eradicates each and every obstacle, contributing to delay in their marriage. Also, it is believed that on keeping this fast one can get a husband like Lord Shiva. The same thinking follows the story which says that Goddess Parvati got married to Bholenath after performing many harsh austerities. This vrat is also very significant for the attainment of marital bliss or getting the boon of a son. Married women also pray for the longevity of their husband/son by fasting on this day. They can also ask for other luxuries. Mythology also suggests that observing the Mangala Gauri vrat eliminates the Manglik Dosha from one’s Kundli.

Mangla Gauri Vrat 2019

The Mangala Gauri vrat is observed on every Tuesday of Shravan month. Since Tuesday is known as Mangalwar in Hindi, therefore the name ‘Mangala’ and Gauri is another name for Goddess Parvati. Hence, the name: Mangala Gowri. This year, 2019, the fast will be observed on the following days:

First Mangla Gauri Fast
Second Mangla Gauri Fast
Third Mangla Gauri Fast
Fourth Mangla Gauri Fast

Mangala Gowri Pooja Vidhi

There is a special significance of cosmetics used by married women (suhagan) as well as 16 things, during the Mangala Gowri Pooja. Let us begin with the samagri required during the ritual. Every Tuesday of Sawan, you will need to follow specific procedures for worshipping Goddess Gaura, and you will need the following items or samagri for the same:

A stool or altar
White and red cloth
Diya (lamp) made of wheat dough with wicks in four directions
Four wicks made of 16 cotton strands each
Pious clay to make an idol of Goddess Parvati
For Abhishek: water, milk, Panchamrit (milk, curd, honey, ghee, sugar blend)
Clothes for Goddess Gauri, Janeu for Lord Ganesha
Sacred red thread, roli or vermillion, rice, colours, gulal, turmeric, henna, kohl
16 types of flowers, garlands, leaves, and fruits
16 ladoos made of wheat, betel leaves, betel nuts, clove, cardamom
Seven types of grains
16 Panchmeva (5 types of dry fruits)
16 betel leaves, betel nut, cloves
Suhag Pitara (including vermilion, nosepin, kohl, henna, turmeric, comb, oil, mirror, 16 bangles, toe rings, anklets, nail polish, lipstick, hairpins, and so forth)

  1. Wake up early in the morning in Brahma Muhurta and wear clean, new clothes after taking a bath.
  2. Sit facing the East direction and set the altar. On half of the altar, place the white cloth and put nine small heaps of rice over it. On the other half, place the red fabric and spread 16 little heaps of wheat over it. 
  3. Now place some rice separately on the platform, and set the idol of Lord Ganesha over it, on a betel leaf, after drawing a Swastika on the leaflet. In the same way, place some wheat as well and put the Kalash over them. Put five betel leaves in the pot and place a coconut over it. Finally, place the diya (lamp) of wheat dough on the altar and light the four wicks of 16 strands.
  4. Begin by worshipping Lord Ganesha, who should always be venerated first, before beginning any auspicious homage. Offer Janeu (symbolic of clothes) and roli-rice and vermilion. Similarly, venerate the Kalash and diya. Next, worship the nine heaps of rice as the Navagraha (nine planets) and the 16 heaps of wheat as the sixteen incarnations of the Goddess.

Hariyali Teej: Click Here To Know More

  1. In a tray, take the clean and pious clay, and make an idol of Goddess Gauri with it. Now chant the following mantra, with a pure heart filled with devotion and resolve the fast:

मम पुत्रापौत्रासौभाग्यवृद्धये श्रीमंगलागौरी प्रीत्यर्थं पंचवर्षपर्यन्तं मंगलागौरी व्रतमहं करिष्ये।

Mama putrāpautrāsaubhāgyavṛddhaye śrīmaṃgalāgaurī prītyarthaṃ paṃcavarṣaparyantaṃ maṃgalāgaurī vratamahaṃ kariṣye

  1. Place the idol on the altar with utmost devotion and perform its Abhishek with the Panchamrit, milk and pure water, and then dress the Goddess with the clothes.
  2. Carry out the shodashopachara veneration of Goddess Gaura with roli-rice and offer her the 16 cosmetics of suhagan (married women) while chanting the following mantra:

कुंकुमागुरुलिप्तांगा सर्वाभरणभूषिताम्।
नीलकण्ठप्रियां गौरीं वन्देहं मंगलाह्वयाम्।।

kuṃkumāguruliptāṃgā sarvābharaṇabhūṣitām।
nīlakaṇṭhapriyāṃ gaurīṃ vandehaṃ maṃgalāhvayām।।

  1. Next, offer her the 16 flowers, garlands, fruits, leaves, ladoos made of wheat, betel leaves, betel nut, cloves, cardamom, and Panchmeva (5 types of dry fruits).
  2. Now read the complete Mangla Gauri vrat Katha (story) and do the aarti, thereafter. On every Wednesday, after concluding the fast, do the Gauri Visarjan with a pure heart, full of devotion in a lake, pond, or river.
  3. Complete the fast with udyapan as per your resolution/vow. After completing the Mangala Gowri Pooja as mentioned above, do the Havan on the last Tuesday of your resolution time with your entire family. Afterwards, offer bhojan (food) to 16 married women, following the proper rituals, under the guidance of a learned priest. 

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Mangla Gauri Vrat Katha Summary

The story goes; there was a merchant named Dharampal. He was wealthy, was married to a beautiful woman, and they had all the comforts and luxury. However, the only thing missing in their life was a child. Therefore, they prayed to the Lord and received the boon of a son, yet, they soon came to know that the child will live for a very short duration and may die as soon as he reaches his 16th year. By God’s grace, their son was married before his sixteenth birthday to a girl, whose mother always kept the Mangala Gauri Vrat. While keeping this fast, the mother asked for the boon that her daughter will never become a widow. As a result, after marriage, instead of dying at 16 years of age, Dharampal’s son lived a happy and hearty life for 100 years. Thus, the Hindu scriptures state that one should observe the Mangala Gauri fast devotedly. Doing so brings marital happiness, the boon of sons and grandsons, longevity of husband/son, and fulfilment of all wishes in the lives of the natives.

We hope that this blog on Mangla Gauri vrat proves to be helpful for you! May Goddess Parvati shower you with her blessings this Sawan!

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